(More than 950.000 units sold in Brazil)
|Body Style||2 doors hatchback|
|Height||Height - type here|
|Transmission||4-speed manual transmissoin|
|Engine||Air-cooled, rear engine, rear drive|
|Power|| 60 hp @ 4600 rpm|
12 m.kgf @ 2.600 rpm
|Similar|| Chevrolet Chevette|
On September 1970, Volkswagen of Brazil's president Rudolf Leiding, made a challenge for the company's major designers. He wanted to recreate the Beetle but with a Brazilian flair and with the Brazilian market in mind. That car was the Volkswagen Brasília
At the time, the Beetle, the Bus and the Karmann-Ghia were the only air-cooled VWs that proved successful in Brazil. For Leiding, the new Volkswagen should be practical, economical and larger than the Beetle as well as utilize reliable German engineering.
In three months, more than 40 prototypes were made, most of them with bold designs, with wide, inclined windshields. But the prototypes were expensive and VW was looking for a new cheap car, to compete with the brand new Chevette, from Chevrolet.
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Styles and Major OptionsEdit
In Brazil, the concessionaire Dacon, São Paulo, offered options with dual carburetion 32 mm, through one 40 mm and special camshafts, the latter reached 145 km / h and did 0-100 km / h in 15 , 2 sec.It was also offered one version and 1.7 liters more skittish, with 1.8 liters, which reached 150 km / h with 0-100 km / h in 14 s. The option spicier had placement of a four-cylinder Porsche engine, originating from the model 912.
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The 1974 Volkswagen Brasilia, with dual carburetors, could run 10.4 km with one liter of gasoline on a highway. The urban fuel consumption is around 14km/L.
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As seen on the FuelEconomy.gov website, the City/Highway MPG averages are as follows:
Engine and TransmissionEdit
At it's debut, the Brasilia had a 4-cylinder, air-cooled boxer engine with one carburetor. The rear-engine, rear-wheel drive had a gearbox with 4 speeds. In the 80's, Volkswagen also offered an alcohol-engine option, with 1300cm³ and 49HP.
The brazilian car magazine Quatro Rodas made a comparative test between the VW Brasilia and it's main competitor, the GM Chevette, in March 1980. In the accelaration test, Chevette proved to be more quick than the air-cooled VW: as the Chevrolet took 19,7 seconds to go from 0 to 100km/h, the Brasilia did the same thing, but with 23 seconds. Chevette's max speed was 138km/h and Brasilia could reach only 129km/h. At the fuel consumption test, the Chevrolet won again, making 15,4km/L. The Volkswagen ran 13,4km/L on that day. Due to it's rear-engine rear-drive, the car wasn't very stable at high speeds and some Brasilia owners modified the car's suspension to make the VW lower (and than less unstable). Some people also changed the 5,90 x 14 original tires to 175/80-14 radial tires. To stop the car, Brasilia was equipped with disk brakes on the front wheels and drum brakes on the rear wheels.
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At 1977, Brasilia started to use dual circuit brakes and it's steering wheel was modified to be safer in case of collision.
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Design quirks and odditiesEdit
In the TV series Chaves , Mr. Barriga is seen as a property Brasilia. The scene of humor is for the Keys say that the car is for him have found him on the street. In another, it offers the keys to the car wash in exchange for a tip, culminating with a flu outbreak that affects Mr. Barriga, Doña Florinda and Quico because they got wet outdoors. In another episode, the Chiquinha take a stroller of Quico and hides the engine of Brasilia. Knowing this, Mr. Madruga offers to "fix". Strip the motor cart and get a discount of two months' rent in your debt. Keys, to learn the history, says she thought the car had a baby.
The musical group "Mamonas Assasinas" immortalized the car in the song "Naked in Santos," 'this is one of their most famous songs. A yellow Brasilia with sport wheel and full of props, became almost the mascot of the band, which also illustrated the single disc, the VW logo inverted turned M.A.
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