The Subaru Impreza is a compact car that was first introduced by Subaru in 1992. The Impreza was Subaru's entry into the small-car market segment in the Japanese, U.S., European and other world markets.
"Impreza" is a coined word, deriving from an originally Italian word, impresa, meaning a badge or motto. In Polish, "Impreza" also means to celebrate, or party.
See Autopedia's comprehensive Subaru Impreza Review.
- 1 Recent Changes
- 2 Styles and Major Options
- 3 Pricing
- 4 Gas Mileage
- 5 Engine and Transmission
- 6 Performance
- 7 Reliability
- 8 Safety
- 9 Photos
- 10 Colors
- 11 Main Competitors
- 12 Hybrid Models
- 13 Unique Attributes
- 14 Interior
- 15 Resale Values
- 16 Criticisms
- 17 Current Generation (2012-present)
- 18 Current Generation: (2008–present)
- 19 Second Generation (2002-2008)
- 20 First Generation/Origins (1993-2001)
- 21 Motorsports
- 22 Derivations
- 23 Worldwide
- 24 Design quirks and oddities
- 25 Awards
- 26 See also
- 27 External links
- For 2011, Subaru has facelifted the WRX with a widebody fascia inspired by the STI. Besides the body kit, the front and rear tracks have been widened by 1.5 inches and the car also gets firmer rear subframe bushings. The changes, however, penalize the car with an extra 33 lb in weight.
- The current Impreza platform was first introduced for the model year 2002, and though it has gone through some exterior updates, it has remained largely the same. This holds true for the 2006 model as well, which received a new front fascia that included a redesigned grille and new headlights. Mechanical improvements include a slightly more powerful engine and the addition of some safety options on the base 2.5i model.
Styles and Major Options
In the United States, the Impreza comes available in four major trims: the 2.5i, the WRX, WRX TR, and WRX STI. This page focuses on non-sport models; to find out more information on the WRX STI, please visit our comprehensive Subaru Impreza WRX STI page.
As for the other trims, both the 2.5i and the WRX are available in both sedan and wagon form, while the WRX TR is not. While the base 2.5i is equipped with a 2.5L 173hp engine and a choice between automatic or manual transmission, the WRX models are powered by a 2.5L 230hp engine and only manual transmission is available. More options become standard from one trim to the next, but all are equipped with all wheel drive, as are all Subaru models. Some of the standout features for each trim include:
- 2.5L 173hp H-4 engine
- Sport-tuned 4-wheel independent suspension
- 16" alloy wheels
- Sport-design front seats
- Antitheft security system
Impreza WRX TR Adds to or replaces 2.5i list with:
- 2.5L 230hp H-4 engine
- 17" allow wheels
- MOMO leather steering wheel
- Ignition disable
Impreza WRX Adds to or replaces WRX TR list with:
- Cargo concealed storage
- Automatic air conditioning
- Premium 6-speaker AM/FM/CD stereo with in-dash 6-CD changer
- Graphic Equalizer
The only real difference between the wagon models and their sedan counterparts are minor, outside the added cargo space.
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|Base Sedan||Base Hatchback||Premium Sedan||Premium Hatchback||Limited Sedan||Limited Hatchback|
As seen on the FuelEconomy.gov website, the City/Highway MPG averages for the Subaru Impreza are as follows:
For Subaru Imprezas sold in Australia, fuel consumptions for every model are displayed in the Green Vehicle Guide.
Engine and Transmission
Specifications, details, graphs, pictures and other information regarding the powertrain is placed in this section.
Please make sure to write information of the vehicle's performance in a third-person point of view. This section should include information about the car's acceleration figures, handling, braking, etc.
If using information gathered from Road Test articles from a reputable automotive source, then please make sure to cite the quote.
Consumer Reports states that, for the Subaru Impreza, "reliability has been excellent."
Safety tests performed by the NHTSA earned the Impreza high ratings. For rollover, side-impact, and driver front-impact crash tests, the Impreza received 4-Star ratings, and for passenger front-impact tests, it received a 5-Star rating.
2008 Subaru Impreza
Colors for the Impreza will vary by trim, and a complete list can be found at CarsDirect.com. Some of the available combinations are:
- Aspen White
- Crystal Gray Metallic
- Regal Blue Pearl
- Steel Gray Metallic
- Off Black
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This section should include information on the interior's design, build quality, ergonomics, space (head and legroom, front and rear), features, stowage compartments and overall comfort and livability. Add pictures wherever applicable and keep information in a third-person point of view.
According to Kelley Blue Book, "the Impreza may cost more than similarly-equipped front-wheel-drive competitors, but both the wagon and sedan hold excellent five-year resale values. The Impreza is expected to retain a higher resale value than the Ford Focus, Hyundai Elantra and Mitsubishi Lancer, while falling just a few percentage points shy of the resale values held by the Toyota Matrix and Honda Civic."
|Year X||Year X-2||Year X-3||Year X-4|
- "The Impreza is stingy when it comes to rear-seat legroom... If budget is a factor in your buying decision, you won't find much to like about the Impreza's $19,000 base price." - Kelley Blue Book
- "Low-rent interior plastics." - Motor Trend
- "[The WRX's suspension] setup foregoes comfort in its quest for unmatched performance." - Edmunds.com
- The Subaru Impreza has the highest fuel consumption of any small passenger car sold in Australia with the combined fuel consumption for an automatic sedan using 8.9L/100km (26 mpg).
- "WRX only has 230 bhp, hatch still looks better" - motioncars.com
Current Generation (2012-present)
The Impreza recieved an update in 2012. It was modelled as a smaller verion of the Subaru Legacy. The 2.5GT was discontinued and it's WRX model was dropped from the Impreza line as it recieved it's own name.
Current Generation: (2008–present)
The third generation Impreza was designed by Osamu Namba.
Second Generation (2002-2008)
Subaru introduced the so-called "New Age" Impreza to the world market in 2001. The second generation Impreza was intended to be larger, safer, stiffer, more refined, and more responsive. For many enthusiasts, the changes in the new car made it less desirable because it was heavier and slower with less of a raw edge to it. The WRX Sedan had a 20mm wider track than its predecessor to aid handling, while the wagon remained the same. The coupe model was no longer available. The ovoid headlamp "bug-eyed" styling of the New Age Impreza was polarizing, but the improvements to the car brought greater mainstream acceptance.
In the United States, release of the basic 227 hp 2.0 L turbocharged Impreza, the WRX, did not occur until the 2002 model year, and the Impreza WRX STi was delayed until the 2004 model year; furthermore, the US version of the STi includes various departures from the Japanese and European counterparts (such as a turbocharged 2.5 L EJ25 engine in the US, rather than the twin-scroll turbo 2.0 L engine sold elsewhere). All 2006 American Imprezas use the 2.5 L EJ25 engine.
Some customers' and the press' negative reaction to the New Age Impreza's styling forced Subaru to facelift the car by 2003, with more conventional, squarer headlamps. All 2006 Imprezas, including the performance models, have been redesigned again with the controversial "jet intake and wings" grille first debuted on the Subaru B9 Tribeca SUV, along with new headlights, taillights, and bumpers. Opinion on this style is split, but is generally regarded as better applied on the Impreza than the Tribeca.
Models offered in Australia in 2005 included the GX (2.0 L engine, this model has become the baseline Impreza in Australia), RV (2.0 L engine, styled for active lifestyles), RS (2.5 L engine, sport model) along with the WRX and STi version thereof. The RX model has been abandoned in Australia, and its position in the Impreza line-up has been subsumed by the GX (which had formerly been a sparsely outfitted budget model).
In late 2005 a new range was released; including the entry-level 2.0i (formerly GX), RV, 2.0R (formerly RS), WRX and WRX STi models. The 2.0R changed from a 2.5 L engine to a slightly more powerful 2.0 L engine; while the turbocharged WRX changed from a 2.0 L engine to a 2.5 L engine. The automatic transmission was dropped from the WRX despite the popularity of the sports shift automatic in other Subarus such as the Outback. Side airbags were added as standard across the range.
First Generation/Origins (1993-2001)
Introduced in November 1992, the Impreza was offered in either front wheel drive or all wheel drive versions and as a four-door sedan/saloon or five-door station wagon/estate. In late 1995, a two-door coupe was introduced. The Impreza, like all Subaru-built cars, was equipped with a flat engine, a distinguishing Subaru characteristic. Initial engine choices included 1.5L and 1.8L naturally-aspirated engines as well as the turbocharged and intercooled 2.0L engine. The basic turbocharged motor, the EJ20, produced from 240 to 280PS in Japanese market WRX trim depending on model and year. Outside Japan, the turbocharged model was initially rated at 211PS (208 hp) and known variously as the Turbo 2000, GT, GT Turbo, or WRX.
In 1994, Subaru introduced Subaru Tecnica International (STi) versions of the Impreza in the Japanese and European markets. These models were upgraded from the WRX in many categories, including blueprinted performance-tuned engines, transmissions, and suspensions. The STi versions of the Impreza were immensely successful in rallies and popular among street racers. The first STi models featured higher power ratings than the WRX, while later versions of both WRX and STi were rated at 280PS due to the Japanese manufacturers' informal agreements around power ratings. Its top speed was electronically limited at 250 km/h (155 mph) and it had a 0–100 km/h time of 4.7 seconds. RA (race altered) versions of the WRX and STi were also available in the Japanese market. Targeted for race and rally, the RA versions featured reduced soundproofing, manual windows, no air conditioning, and added desirable features such as more robust engines, driver controlled center differentials, and shorter gearing.
Special editions of the Impreza were very common in Japan and Europe, many coinciding with a significant World Rally Championship victory. These editions included the Series McRae, 555, Catalunya, Terzo, RB5, P1, and 22B, the latter still considered by many to be the ultimate Impreza of all time with its wide arched rally style body.
The Impreza received an external facelift for the 1997 model year, followed by an interior redesign in 1998.
North American markets never received a turbocharged version of the first generation Impreza. To cater to enthusiasts' demands, the 2.5RS performance model was introduced in 1998. A 2.5 L DOHC engine was fitted into the coupe body, with larger 16" gold five-spoke wheels. The 1999 model switched to the "Phase II" SOHC version of the same engine which featured a slightly higher peak torque and retained the same wheel design, but in silver. 2001 and 2002 2.5RS models became available in sedan form with more options and higher production numbers.
The Outback Sport model was introduced in 1995 as an updated L Sport Wagon. Subaru found success with this model and that of the larger Legacy-based Outback. It offered similar ride height changes, body colors and trim levels to the larger model.
The Impreza chassis rose to prominence in rally racing more effectively than Subaru's previous contenders. Prior to the introduction of the Impreza into WRC in 1993, Subaru had fielded its larger mid-size Legacy for rally purposes. However, as rally competition shifted toward smaller and lighter chassis, Subaru needed a smaller and faster car—a role in which the Impreza was immediately successful and in which the Impreza continues to compete effectively, albeit in more powerful versions than were initially introduced. To jumpstart its rally efforts, Subaru had initially teamed with Prodrive in 1989, a very successful partnership that has lasted to this day. Prodrive also provided input during the Impreza's development to help it become a better rally car.
After winning its first World Rally Championship event in the Legacy at Rally New Zealand, Ari Vatanen finished second in the debut rally of the new WRC Impreza. Carlos Sainz brought the Impreza its inaugural victory in the 1994 Acropolis Rally.
The Impreza brought Subaru three consecutive WRC titles (1995–7) and a driver's championship for Colin McRae in 1995, the late Richard Burns in 2001, and Petter Solberg in 2003. While its rivals have come and gone, Subaru and the Impreza have remained one of the only consistent contenders in WRC during the last 13 years.
Main Article: Subaru Impreza WRC
Subaru used the Impreza chassis for the mechanical underpinnings of the Forester, a small SUV designed to compete in the segment comprising the Honda CR-V and Ford Escape; also, as a result of GM's investment in Fuji Heavy Industries and ownership of Saab, the hatchback—or Impreza Wagon—formed the basis of the Saab 9-2X released in 2004 (given the tongue-in-cheek moniker "Saabaru").
- In the UK, the All new 2008 Subaru Impreza is priced cheaper than the outgoing model. The WRX will cost £19,995 (€29,595 / $40,475) which is £1,102 (€1,628 / $2,230) €18,465 / $25,292) cheaper the previous-gen WRX.
Design quirks and oddities
- Car of the Year - Wheels Magazine, 2000
- Car and Driver Magazine named the North American market WRX to its prestigious 10-best list in 2002, with a follow-up performance in 2003.
- 2002 Automobile of the Year - Automobile Magazine, January 2002
- 2004 RACV Australia's Best Sports Car Under $57,000 (Subaru Impreza WRX)
- 2004 RACV Australia's Best Mid-size Car Under $28,000
- 2008 "Philippine Car Of The Year" (Subaru Impreza WRX STI)
Fuji Heavy Industries
Concept: Elten Custom · Fleet-X · HM-01 · WX-01 · B9 Scrambler · R1e · R2 · B11S · B5-TPH · Impreza WRC Concept · G4e Concept · Impreza Exiga Concept · STELLA Concept · Impreza WRX STI Takumi Concept · Forester XTI Concept · Forester Mountain Rescue Vehicle Concept · Legacy Concept · Hybrid Tourer Concept · Impreza Concept
|Chikuhei Nakajima||Corporate website||A subsidiary of Fuji Heavy Industries|
- Subaru of Japan Web site
- Subaru Australia
- Origin of the name "Impreza"
- Subaru Impreza 22B (Japanese, Subaru STi website)
- Subaru World Rally Team
News and References
- New York Preview: Subaru WRX goes widebody for 2011
- 2011 Subaru WRX: Wider Is Better
- 2011 Subaru Impreza WRX Sedan and Hatch Revamped with Wide-Body Designs
- Subaru introduces WRX Club Spec 10 for Australia
Enthusiast Sites and Discussion Forums
- Subaru Videos
- Subaru STI Forum Subaru STI Forum
- Subaru Legacy Forum Subaru Legacy Forum
- Subaru Tribeca Forum Subaru Tribeca Forum
- Southern California Subaru Owners Club Southern California Subaru Owners Club
- Mainely Subarus Maine Subaru Enthusiast Car Club
- Subaru Impreza RS Owners Club
- Scoobynet Subaru Impreza Forums
- Cars101 Subaru Technical Archives
- Club WRX
- Subaru Impreza FAQ covering classic models up to year 2000
- Subaru Impreza owners across the globe, advice, tips, news
- NASIOC North American Subaru Impreza Owners Club
- Impreza Drivers Club Norway
- ScoobyMods Subaru Modification Library
- Last Ditch Racing Maine Based Performance Rally Racing Team
- Maine Forest Rally
- Maine Subaru Group Maine Subaru Owners and Enthusiasts
- Subaru Serpentine Belt (Repair Video)
|This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Subaru Impreza. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Autopedia, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.|