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Box truck sign

A box truck, also known as a cube truck, cube van, bob truck, box van, or straight truck, is a chassis-cab truck with an enclosed cuboid-shaped cargo area. On most box trucks, the cabin is separate to the cargo area; however some box trucks have a door between the cabin and the cargo area, Unlike panel trucks such as Agrocar panel trucks, Chevrolet Advance Design Panel Truck, Chevrolet AK Series Panel Truck, Chevrolet HHR Panel Truck, Chevrolet Series CA Eagle / Master Panel Truck, Chevrolet Suburban Panel Truck, Fiat 615 Panel Truck, 1948-1952 Ford F-Series Panel Truck, 1953-1956 Ford F-Series Panel Truck, Land Rover Defender Panel Truck, Land Rover series panel truck, and Willys Jeep Panel Delivery, regular cab and extended cab box trucks tend to be larger than cargo vans such as Bohdan-2310 Cargo Van, Chevrolet Chevy Van/GMC Vandura Cargo Van, Chevrolet Greenbrier Cargo Van, Chevrolet Astro/GMC Safari Cargo Van, Chevrolet Express/GMC Savana Cargo Van, Citroën Berlingo Cargo Van, Citroën Nemo Cargo Van, Citroën Jumpy Cargo Van, Citroën Jumper Cargo Van, Dodge A-Series/B-Series/Ram Van Cargo Vans, Dodge Sprinter Cargo Van, DKW Schnellaster Cargo Van, Fordson Thames 400E Cargo Van, Ford E-Series Cargo Van, Ford Aerostar Cargo Van, Force Traveller Cargo Van, Ford Transit Connect Cargo Van, Ford Transit Cargo Van, Ford Transit Custom Cargo Van, Foton View Cargo Van, Fiat 238 Cargo Van, Fiat 241 Cargo Van, Fiat 242 Cargo Van, Fiat Doblò Cargo Van, Fiat Scudo Cargo Van, Fiat Ducato Cargo Van, Fiat Talento Cargo Van, Hyundai Starex Cargo Van, Higer Paradise Cargo Van, Huanghai Raytour Cargo Van, Hyundai H350 Cargo Van, Iveco Daily Cargo Van, JAC Sunray Cargo Van, King Long Kaige Cargo Van, King Long Jockey Cargo Van, Kia Besta Cargo Van, Kia Pregio Cargo Van, LDV Convoy Cargo Van, LDV Maxus Cargo Van, LDV Pilot Cargo Van, Maxus V90 Cargo Van, Mercedes-Benz Sprinter T1N Cargo Van, Mercedes-Benz Sprinter NCV3 Cargo Van, Mercedes-Benz Sprinter VS30 Cargo Van, Mercedes-Benz T2 Cargo Van, Mercedes-Benz Vario Cargo Van, Mercedes-Benz Citan Cargo Van, Mercedes-Benz MB100 Cargo Van, Mercedes-Benz TN Cargo Van, Mercedes-Benz Vito W638 Cargo Van, Mercedes-Benz Vito W639 Cargo Van, Mercedes-Benz Vito W447 Cargo Van, Nissan Caravan Cargo Van, Nissan Kubistar Cargo Van, Nissan Interstar Cargo Van, Nissan NV200 Cargo Van, Nissan NV300 Cargo Van, Nissan NV400 Cargo Van, Nissan Primastar Cargo Van, Opel Combo Cargo Van, Opel Movano Cargo Van, Opel Vivaro Cargo Van, Peugeot Expert Cargo Van, Peugeot Bipper Cargo Van, Peugeot Boxer Cargo Van, RAF-977 Cargo Van, RAF-2203 Cargo Van, Renault Master Cargo Van, Renault Kangoo Cargo Van, Renault Trafic Cargo Van, Renault Estafette Cargo Van, SsangYong Istana Cargo Van, Skywell D11 Cargo Van, Škoda Praktik Cargo Van, Toyota HiAce H200 Cargo Van, Toyota HiAce H300 Cargo Van, Toyota ProAce Cargo Van, Tata Winger Cargo Van, Tempo Traveller Cargo Van, Volkswagen LT Cargo Van, VW Crafter Cargo Van, VW Caddy Cargo Van, Volkswagen Type 2 (T1) Cargo Van, Volkswagen Type 2 (T2) Cargo Van, Volkswagen Type 2 (T3) Cargo Van, Volkswagen Transporter T4 Cargo Van, Volkswagen Transporter T5 Cargo Van, Volkswagen Transporter T6 Cargo Van, ZAZ Sens Cargo Van, GAZ GAZelle Cargo Van, GAZelle-NEXT Cargo Van, GAZ Sobol Cargo Van, GAZ Sobol-NEXT Cargo Van, and UAZ-452 Cargo Van and smaller than day cab tractor-trailers such as MAN F2000 Day Cab, Volvo FH Day Cab, Renault Trucks K Day Cab, Ashok Leyland U-Truck Day Cab, Peterbilt 389 Day Cab, Isuzu Giga Day Cab, Peterbilt 359 Day Cab, Peterbilt 379 Day Cab, Mack Super-Liner Day Cab, Renault Trucks T Day Cab, Bedford TM Day Cab, Scania 4-series Day Cab, Volvo VN Day Cab, Mercedes-Benz Axor Day Cab, Freightliner FLD Day Cab, Ford LTL-9000 Day Cab, Hyundai Trago Day Cab, Ford F-MAX Day Cab, Freightliner Cascadia Day Cab, Iveco S-Way Day Cab, Renault Trucks C Day Cab, Renault Premium Day Cab, DAF CF Day Cab, MAN TGA, MAN TGX, Renault Magnum Day Cab, International LoneStar Day Cab, International ProStar Day Cab, Dodge Bighorn Day Cab, MAN TGS Day Cab, DAF XF Day Cab, Mercedes-Benz Arocs Day Cab, Kenworth W900 Day Cab, Freightliner FLA Day Cab, Freightliner FLB, Iveco Stralis, Chevrolet Bison/GMC General Day Cab, Freightliner FLC 120 Day Cab and Mercedes-Benz Actros Day Cab with movable dry-van trailers and crew cab and double cab box trucks tend to be larger than crew vans such as Bohdan-2310 Crew Van, Chevrolet Chevy Van/GMC Vandura Crew Van, Chevrolet Greenbrier Crew Van, Chevrolet Astro/GMC Safari Crew Van, Chevrolet Express/GMC Savana Crew Van, Citroën Berlingo Crew Van, Citroën Nemo Crew Van, Citroën Jumpy Crew Van, Citroën Jumper Crew Van, Dodge A-Series/B-Series/Ram Van Crew Vans, Dodge Sprinter Crew Van, DKW Schnellaster Crew Van, Fordson Thames 400E Crew Van, Ford E-Series Crew Van, Ford Aerostar Crew Van, Force Traveller Crew Van, Ford Transit Connect Crew Van, Ford Transit Crew Van, Ford Transit Custom Crew Van, Foton View Crew Van, Fiat 238 Crew Van, Fiat 241 Crew Van, Fiat 242 Crew Van, Fiat Doblò Crew Van, Fiat Scudo Crew Van, Fiat Ducato Crew Van, Fiat Talento Crew Van, Hyundai Starex Crew Van, Higer Paradise Crew Van, Huanghai Raytour Crew Van, Hyundai H350 Crew Van, Iveco Daily Crew Van, JAC Sunray Crew Van, King Long Kaige Crew Van, King Long Jockey Crew Van, Kia Besta Crew Van, Kia Pregio Crew Van, LDV Convoy Crew Van, LDV Maxus Crew Van, LDV Pilot Crew Van, Maxus V90 Crew Van, Mercedes-Benz Sprinter T1N Crew Van, Mercedes-Benz Sprinter NCV3 Crew Van, Mercedes-Benz Sprinter VS30 Crew Van, Mercedes-Benz T2 Crew Van, Mercedes-Benz Vario Crew Van, Mercedes-Benz Citan Crew Van, Mercedes-Benz MB100 Crew Van, Mercedes-Benz TN Crew Van, Mercedes-Benz Vito W638 Crew Van, Mercedes-Benz Vito W639 Crew Van, Mercedes-Benz Vito W447 Crew Van, Nissan Caravan Crew Van, Nissan Kubistar Crew Van, Nissan Interstar Crew Van, Nissan NV200 Cargo Van, Nissan NV300 Crew Van, Nissan NV400 Crew Van, Nissan Primastar Crew Van, Opel Combo Crew Van, Opel Movano Crew Van, Opel Vivaro Crew Van, Peugeot Expert Crew Van, Peugeot Bipper Crew Van, Peugeot Boxer Crew Van, RAF-977 Crew Van, RAF-2203 Crew Van, Renault Master Crew Van, Renault Kangoo Crew Van, Renault Trafic Crew Van, Renault Estafette Crew Van, SsangYong Istana Crew Van, Skywell D11 Crew Van, Škoda Praktik Crew Van, Toyota HiAce H200 Crew Van, Toyota HiAce H300 Crew Van, Toyota ProAce Crew Van, Tata Winger Crew Van, Tempo Traveller Crew Van, Volkswagen LT Crew Van, VW Crafter Crew Van, VW Caddy Crew Van, Volkswagen Type 2 (T1) Crew Van, Volkswagen Type 2 (T2) Crew Van, Volkswagen Type 2 (T3) Crew Van, Volkswagen Transporter T4 Crew Van, Volkswagen Transporter T5 Crew Van, Volkswagen Transporter T6 Crew Van, ZAZ Sens Crew Van, GAZ GAZelle Crew Van, GAZelle-NEXT Cargo Van, GAZ Sobol Crew Van, GAZ Sobol-NEXT Crew Van, and UAZ-452 Crew Van and smaller than crew cab tractor-trailers such as MAN F2000 Crew Cab, Volvo FH Crew Cab, Renault Trucks K Crew Cab, Ashok Leyland U-Truck Crew Cab, Peterbilt 389 Crew Cab, Isuzu Giga Crew Cab, Peterbilt 359 Crew Cab, Peterbilt 379 Crew Cab, Mack Super-Liner Crew Cab, Renault Trucks T Crew Cab, Bedford TM Crew Cab, Scania 4-series Crew Cab, Volvo VN Crew Cab, Mercedes-Benz Axor Crew Cab, Freightliner FLD Crew Cab, Ford LTL-9000 Crew Cab, Hyundai Trago Crew Cab, Ford F-MAX Crew Cab, Freightliner Cascadia Crew Cab, Iveco S-Way Crew Cab, Renault Trucks C Crew Cab, Renault Premium Crew Cab, DAF CF Crew Cab, MAN TGA Crew Cab, MAN TGX Crew Cab, Renault Magnum Crew Cab, International LoneStar Crew Cab, International ProStar Crew Cab, Dodge Bighorn Crew Cab, MAN TGS Crew Cab, DAF XF Crew Cab, Mercedes-Benz Arocs Crew Cab, Kenworth W900 Crew Cab, Freightliner FLA Crew Cab, Freightliner FLB, Iveco Stralis, Chevrolet Bison/GMC General, Freightliner FLC 120 and Mercedes-Benz Actros with movable dry-van trailers.

The difference between a box truck and a van is that the cargo van is a one-piece (unibody), while a box truck is created by adding a cargo box to a chassis-cab.


Road vehicles[]

They usually range in size 4 to 7 m in length, with smaller or larger sizes existing but being rare in North America. They usually have a garage door-like rear door that rolls up. On some box trucks, the cargo area is accessible from the cab through a small door.

Box trucks are usually used by companies that need to haul appliances or furniture. They are also used as moving trucks which can be rented from companies such as U-Haul or Ryder.[1]

In North America, Ford, Dodge and Chevrolet/GMC have historically been the most common manufacturers of conventional cab/chassis to which various producers (called body builders or upfitters) attach the box that holds cargo. Isuzu, Mitsubishi Fuso and UD/Nissan Diesel have been the most common marketers of cab over engine-type medium duty cab/chassis used as platforms for box trucks. In North America, these trucks can range from Class 3 to Class 7 (12,500 lb. to 33,000 lb. gross vehicle weight rating, or GVWR). As of July 31, 2009, however, GM closed the plant that manufactured its medium duty commercial trucks, and announced it was withdrawing from the medium-duty commercial truck market. The same GM plant also manufactured Isuzu class 6 and class 7 models and Isuzu class 3 gasoline-engine cabover models. Isuzu's plans for acquisition or manufacture of the affected models have not been announced, as of January 2010.[2]

The body on a box truck is sometimes called a cargo van or dry van body, though the term "cargo van" is more often used to designate a regular full size van, such as a Mercedes-Benz Sprinter or a Ford E-Series/Ford Transit, without rear seats and usually without side windows in the cargo area. However, small box trucks often use the cab of full size vans from the big three (i.e. Ford E-Series/Econoline, Dodge Ram Van, Chevrolet Express/Chevrolet Van/GMC Vandura/GMC Savana).

Railway vehicles[]

In British and Commonwealth usage, box van is a term for a four wheeled railway truck (freight vehicle) with a fully-enclosed body. In British English the word truck more commonly refers to a railway vehicle, with lorry more commonly employed for road vehicles. The word van is widely used in both contexts.

See also[]

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